Forensic Examination of Hair of Protected Indian Wildlife Species
by Sahajpal, Vivek
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India has been identified as one of the twelve mega-biodiversity nations of the world. In India, wildlife is protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act-1972 and India is also a party to Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). However, despite such good legislation, poaching has increased over the years, decimating the populations of wild animals. This is attributed to the lack of adequate species identification techniques and data base that can be used to identify species from confiscated items. Thus most of the wildlife offence cases fail in court of law. Hair is found invariably in poaching cases related to mammals and the value of hair evidence is well acknowledged in forensic analysis. An attempt was made to fill the aforesaid lacuna and the present study was undertaken to characterise hair of Artiodactyl (Bovids and Cervids) species listed under Schedule-I of Wildlife (Protection) Act-1972, through microscopy, Keratin profiling and mitochondrial DNA analysis. The findings of the microscopic examination, keratin and DNA analysis will help immensely in identification of species from exhibits of wildlife offence cases
Thakar, M. K.
Goyal, S. P.
Dr.Vivek Sahajpal is Assistant Director at The H P State Forensic Science Labortory, Shimla Hills, Junga. He has done some of the pioneering work on Wildlife Forensics in India at the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradoon and is author of more than 12 international research papers, 2 books and member of Intl. Society for Forensic Genetics.
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LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
November 14, 2012
0.22 x 0.15 x 0.015 m; 0.431 kg