Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Personality and Behavior
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Psychologists offer an increasing variety of services to the public. Among these services, psychological assessment of personality and behavior continues to be a central activity. One main reason is that other mental health professionals often do not possess a high level of competence in this area. And when dealing with children and adolescents, psychological assessment seems to take on an even greater role. Therefore, it follows that comprehensive graduate-level instruction in assessment should be a high priority for educators of psychologists who will work with these youth.
This textbook is organized into three sections, consistent with the authors’ approach to teaching. Part I provides students with the psychological knowledge base necessary for modern assessment practice, including historical perspectives, measurement science, child psychopathology, ethical, legal, and cultural issues, and the basics of beginning the assessment process. Part II gives students a broad review of the specific assessment methods used by psychologists, accompanied by specific advice regarding the usage and strengths and weaknesses of each method. In Part III, we help students perform some of the most sophisticated of assessment practices: integrating and communicating assessment results and infusing assessment practice with knowledge of child development and psychopathology to assess some of the most common types of behavioral and emotional disorders in youth.
A text focusing on assessment practices must be updated every four to six years to keep pace with advances in test development. For example, several of the major tests reviewed in the text, such as the Behavioral Assessment System for Children and the Child Behavior Checklist, have undergone major revisions since the publication of the last edition making the current content outdated. Further, another major test, the Conners’ Rating Scales, is undergoing substantial revisions that should be completed before publication of the next edition. Finally, the evidence for the validity of the tests and the recommendations for their appropriate use evolve as research accumulates and requires frequent updating to remain current. For example, there was a special issue of the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology published focusing on evidenced-based assessment of the major forms of childhood psychopathology that will need to be integrated into the chapters in Part 3.
This latter point reflects an important trend in the field that should influence the marketing of the book. That is, there are several initiatives being started in all of the major areas of applied psychology (e.g., school, clinical, and counseling) to promote evidenced-based assessment practices. These initiatives have all emphasized the need to enhance the training of graduate students in this approach to assessment. This has been the orientation of this textbook from its first edition: that is, Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Personality and Behavior has focused on using research to guide all recommendations for practice. The ability of the textbook to meet this training need should be an important focus of marketing the book to training programs across all areas of applied psychology.
Serves specifically as a text for training psychology graduate students in the elementary principles of assessment and diagnostic practice with children and adolescents
Applies the same interpretive systems across many tests, unlike most assessment textbooks that focus on only one measure
Provides students with an accessible guide with a consistent writing style not found in edited texts
Emphasizes proper interpretation of intelligence tests in the context of a child’s life circumstances
Reflects the use of an evidence-based assessment to test interpretation
Includes several devises to enhance the logical processes of assessment, beginning with test selection and concluding with reporting results
Stresses the importance of the interpretive process over the value of specific tests
Fosters a deeper understanding of the intelligence construct
Emphasizes learning by example
Also useful as a “refresher” for clinicians looking to update their assessment information and skills
Randy W. Kamphaus is a Distinguished Research Professor and Head of the Department of Educational Psychology and Instructional Technology at the University of Georgia. In 2003 he received the Russell H. Yeany research award from the College of Education and his second Honors Day Convocation Teaching Award. He is an adjunct faculty member in the neurosciences in education program at the University of Antioquia (Medellin, Colombia).
A focus on issues related to clinical assessment has led Dr. Kamphaus to pursue research in classification methods, differential diagnosis, test development and learning disability and ADHD assessment. He has served as principal investigator, coinvestigator, or consultant on several federally funded research projects dealing with early intervention and prevention, child classification methods, prevalence of ADHD and Conduct Disorder in Latin America, and violence prevention in schools.
As a licensed psychologist and a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), he has contributed extensively to his profession, and he is Past-President of the Division of School Psychology for APA. Dr. Kamphaus has also authored or coauthored 12 books, 5 psychological tests, more than 40 scientific journal articles, and more than 20 book chapters. He also participates in scholarship in the field through work as an editorial board member, associate editor, test reviewer, and newsletter editor. Dr. Kamphaus is a frequent guest lecturer and speaker.
Paul J. Frick is Research Professor of Psychology and Director of the Applied Developmental Psychology Program at the University of New Orleans. Dr. Frick conducts research under the broad rubric of developmental psychopathology. Dr. Frick’s research focuses on understanding the many interacting causal factors that can lead children and adolescents to have serious emotional and behavioral problems and using this research to a) enhance the assessment and diagnosis of childhood psychopathology and b) design more effective interventions to prevent and treat such problems. A primary focus of Dr. Frick’s research is on understanding the dispositional and contextual factors that can place children and adolescents at risk for developing severe antisocial and violent behavior, leading them to be diagnosed with Conduct Disorder or to be arrested for illegal behavior. His work focuses on uncovering and understanding the many different causal processes that can lead children to display such serious conduct problems, with a special focus on children who show a callous and unemotional interpersonal style (e.g., lacking empathy and guilt).
Dr. Frick has published more than 110 manuscripts in either peer-reviewed journals or as book chapters in edited volumes and he is author or co-author of 5 books and test manuals. He has been named Editor of the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, which is the official journal of Division 53 of the American Psychological Association, the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. He is on the editorial board of two additional scientific journals (Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology and Journal of Abnormal Psychology). Dr. Frick has been invited to present on his research at numerous universities and research conferences across North American and Europe. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Orebro University in Orebro, Sweden in February 2004; he was elected to Fellow status in Division 53 of the American Psychological Association in January 2005; and he received the University of New Orleans International Alumni Association Career Achievement Award for Excellence in Research in June 2005.
As the knowledge base of child clinical and pediatric assessment continues to grow rapidly, so does the need for up-to-date information. This volume provides the ideal update and the text offers the depth of coverage necessary to understand the field.