Management of Collar Rot Disease of Chickpea - Use of fungicides and dry biomass of Meliaceae plants to control Sclerotium rolfsii

by Khan, Iqra Haider
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Khan, Iqra Haider Management of Collar Rot Disease of Chickpea - Use of fungicides and dry biomass of Meliaceae plants to control Sclerotium rolfsii
Khan, Iqra Haider - Management of Collar Rot Disease of Chickpea - Use of fungicides and dry biomass of Meliaceae plants to control Sclerotium rolfsii

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Description

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), an important pulse, is a good source of carbohydrates and proteins. Sclerotium rolfsii is a soil-born pathogen that causes collar rot disease in chickpea resulting in significant yield losses. In the present study, chemical fungicides, and dry biomass of Melia azedarach and Azadirachta indica were used to control collar rot disease of chickpea. Tebuconazole, mencozeb and thiophanate methyl fungicides were proved very effective against the fungal pathogen. In in vitro antifungal bioassays, different concentrations (0, 0.5, 1.0, ..., 3.5%) of methanolic leaf and fruit extracts of M. azedarach and leaf extract of A. indica reduced fungal biomass by 92-94%, 81-84% and 86-90%, respectively. In vivo experiments were conducted in plastic pots each containing 1 kg sandy loam soil. Pot soil was amended with dry leaf biomass of M. azedarach and A. indica at 1, 2 and 3% w/w. Soil amendments significantly reduced plant mortality due to S. rolfsii and enhanced crop growth. This book is very useful for those who are interested in organic farming.

Contributors

Author:
Khan, Iqra Haider
Javaid, Arshad

Further information

Biography Artist:
Khan, Iqra Haider
Miss Iqra Haider Khan is a Ph. D. scholar in Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan. Dr. Arshad Javaid is working as Assistant Professor in the same Institute. He is the author of 255 research publications and 8 chapters in international books.
Language:
Englisch
Number of Pages:
96
Media Type:
Taschenbuch
Publisher:
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Master Data

Product Type:
Paperback book
Release date:
March 11, 2015
Package Dimensions:
0.22 x 0.15 x 0.006 m; 0.191 kg
GTIN:
09783659297939
DUIN:
E9G8TMD4SAE
$53.99
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